On a basic level, a pathology test requires a sample of a type of bodily tissue.
Information from these tests are then interpreted by medical professionals to aid in diagnosis or treatment of diseases and other health conditions. Where a blood, saliva or similar test gives the straight facts about things like hormone count, pathology refers to the clinical knowledge applied by medical professionals to understand the body and how it is functioning. This testing can mark the initial stage of addressing and resolving a health condition, or can simply serve as an insight into the body’s health and functioning.
While hormones are essential to reproduction, they also serve important purposes for systems and processes around the entire body. The endocrine system is responsible for producing and secreting these hormones, and can become compromised from a range of lifestyle and biological factors.
Each pathology test focuses on measuring a different hormone, system or aspect of health. These measures can be taken from a variety of samples, however common pathology will often require a saliva, urine, blood or SST serum test.